APPLES - FRUITS FULL OF BEAUTY AND HEALTH

APPLES - FRUITS FULL OF BEAUTY AND HEALTH

Teeth Protection

Although there are opinions even among dentists that fruit acids contribute to the occurrence of caries, it does not mean that apples destroy our teeth. Pectins strengthen the enamel thus preventing caries while hard fruit biting is good for the gums. If you do not wash your teeth regularly, the fruit acids may have detrimental effect on them. But is it solely the fault of the apples?

Brain Nutrient

One big apple contains over 16 g of carbohydrates, which as we all know fuel our brain. Researchers also suspect that flavonols contained in apples may improve the cognitive functions (memory, information processing speed and general ability to think). Although inn-depth research was carried out on flavonols contained in cocoa, it is suspected that those contained in fruit are not any worse. One of their great advantages is that the calories cannot be overdosed, or cause a peculiar type of addiction as it can be observed with chocolate. 

Anti-allergic Factor

Since apples have been grown in Poland for hundreds of year, we have learnt to absorb their nutritive content. It is generally known that the food growing in the neighbourhood, which was known to our predecessors, is better used by our organisms than perhaps richer but less familiar, or "tamed", ones. It is perhaps one of the reasons why Poles (but also other nations - apples conquered nearly the whole world long, long ago) only occasionally develop allergy to this fruit. Of course almost anything may cause an allergic reaction,

but practice shows that apples, if fed to children as the first fruit, are usually well tolerated by our youngest ones. And we tend to keep it that way even at an older age. 

Beautifying Factor

Due to a high mineral content including potassium, iron, zinc, silicon, and vitamins A, C, E as well as vitamins from the B group, apples improve the condition of our skin, hair and even nails. Antioxidants contained in the apples prevent premature skin aging if not for other reasons, then just because they protect its natural collagen.

Stimulators of the Immune System

In the autumn and winter season, all allies of the immune system are worth their weight in gold. Although apples are not so generally known and appreciated in this area as raspberries, tropical fruits or abounding in vitamin C pepper, they are capable of protecting our good health and enhance ability to fight infections.

100 g of apples contains ca. 8 mg of vitamin C (compare it to average daily demand of 50 mg which nearly doubles in the infection season) - this amount will not work miracles in combating infections. However, apples also contain zinc, a microelement which is necessary for proper development of T lymphocytes, i.e. the white blood cells, which destroy the pathogenic bacteria and viruses as well as many other substances thus making a contribution to general improvement of our condition. Our organism, if healthy, is perfectly capable of combating the microbial infestation. The immune system owes a lot to apples mainly because they foster the development of proper bacterial flora in our intestines. Bearing in mind that 70 per cent of our immunity relies on the proper functioning of intestines let us throw caution to the wind and eat apples. 

They Help to Slim Down

Apples are not only low calories food (the average calorific value is ca. 40 kcal per 100g – excluding apple pies and sweetened apple sauces), they also enhance digestive process and reduce appetite. Pectins, which fill the stomach and ensure that the relevant information is sent to the brain, are an effective contribution to the intestine clearing process. Although, the fibre content in apples is quite substantial (2g per 100 grams of apples), these quantities do not strike us as considerable in comparison with nuts or forest fruit. However, it is not the quantity that matters. The quality is important too. The apple pectins are extremely valuable and very welcome in natural medicine. 

Our Heart Loves Them

High flavonoid content is also important for the heart and the circulation system. It prevents plaque from adhering to the blood vessels and is a potential defender against sclerosis. The blood is not too thick and additionally all vessels are protected against inflammatory conditions and regeneration of their walls is accelerated.

Among the heart-friendly flavonoids, special attention should be devoted to quercetine. It seals the vessels and makes it difficult for the cholesterol to accumulate. 

A Youth Potion

Apples are a genuine repository of antioxidants and it is generally known that antioxidants extend the life of nearly each cell of the human organism and in effect of the whole body. Free radicals are atoms, particles or ions which have a single unpaired electron on their external orbits. They are "determined" to connect or release the electron showing at the same time considerable destructive chemical activity. They oxidise each compound they encounter. In human body, they attack compounds whose particles have double bonding, i.e. all proteins, DNA, unsaturated fatty acids comprised in the cellular membrane and some complex sugars.

If the balance between the quantity of free radicals and antioxidants, which eliminated them, is distorted in the body, the cell membranes, DNA as well as enzymes are damaged (the proteins contained in them are attacked). In effect, not only an accelerated ageing (e.g. wrinkles, worse vision), or old age diseases (Alzheimer's disease) occur but even younger people begin to suffer from typical civilisation diseases, i.e. sclerosis, brain strokes, heart diseases, cancer, or diabetes. The generally acknowledged antioxidants include vitamins A and C, polyphenols (including flavonoids) and even minerals (e.g. zinc and selenium). All of them can be found in apples. Although there may be better sources of the above-given vitamins or minerals, in apples these antioxidants act as a team and their volume is truly staggering.

Effective in Combating High Cholesterol

1-2 big apples a day suffice to reduce the unwelcome LDL cholesterol content

as well as cardiac infarction risk by up to a few percent. Apples are a considerable source of fibre, and, to be more precise, pectins. They inhibit the LDL cholesterol absorption from the intestines, which leads to an increased production of "good" HDL cholesterol in the liver and, in consequence, reduction of the "bad" cholesterol content in the blood. By neutralising the bile acids, pectins force the liver to pick up the cholesterol from the blood. Additionally, antioxidants and flavonoids found in the apples are very efficient in preventing the development of clots in the blood vessels while efficient blood circulation allows easier removal of bad fat from the body.